Aristotype

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Aristotype (Fr). Aristotipo (It). アリストタイプ (Ja).

Definition

An aristotype is a high-symmetry structure type that can be viewed as an idealized version of a lower-symmetry structure. It was introduced by Helen Megaw in relation to perovskites, where it is still mostly used. The cubic perovskite structure (which is adopted at most by half a dozen compounds) is regarded as the aristotype for the vast array of other lower-symmetry perovskites. The lower-symmetry structure is called hettotype.

After Buerger, aristotypes are also known as basic structures and hettotypes as derivative structures.

Originally, an aristotype is a printing-out process using paper coated with silver chloride in gelatin; now, any such process using silver salts in either collodion or gelatin; also, a print so made.

References

  • Buerger, M. J. (1947). J. Chem. Phys. 15, 1-16. Derivative Crystal Structures.
  • Megaw, H. (1973). Crystal Structures, London: W. B. Saunders, pp. 216, 282.