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Acceptance Domain

Synonyms: window, atomic domain

Domaine d'acceptation, fenetre (Fr.)


When an aperiodic crystalline point set is obtained by the intersection method, as the intersection of a periodic array of finite, disjoint components in superspace and the physical space, then there is, for each point , a component in the higher-dimensional unit cell. These components are called acceptance domains, atomic surfaces, atomic domains, or windows in the literature. The positions of atoms in aperiodic crystals (or vertices in the case of a tiling) are the intersection of the atomic surfaces with the physical space. This construction of the points is called the intersection method.

History

The term window comes from an alternative construction. One considers a 'tube' in n-dimensional superspace that is the product of the m-dimensional physical space V and a transversal finite (n-m)-dimensional object O: V times O. Then the points of the n-dimensional lattice, corresponding to the periodic embedding of the structure in V, that lie inside the tube are projected on V (See Fig.File:BO02F20.jpg). These are the points of the aperiodic structure in V. The construction is called the cut-and-project method. The object O is the window, or acceptance domain. The latter expresses the fact that only lattice points inside the tube are projected. The result is the same as attaching a copy of O to each lattice point, and considering the intersection of this periodic array with V. Actually, the latter construction is more special, in the sense that the atomic surfaces in this are by definition flat, whereas the intersection method allows arbitrarily shaped ones.


See also: atomic surface.