Vector space

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 18:14, 17 May 2017 (view source)m (Style edits to align with printed edition)← Older edit Latest revision as of 14:43, 20 November 2017 (view source) (Added German and Spanish translations (U. Mueller)) Line 1: Line 1: - Espace vectoriel (''Fr''). Spazio vettoriale (''It''). ベクトル空間 (''Ja''). + Espace vectoriel (''Fr''). Vektorraum (''Ge''). Spazio vettoriale (''It''). ベクトル空間 (''Ja''). Espacio vectorial (''Sp'').

Latest revision as of 14:43, 20 November 2017

Espace vectoriel (Fr). Vektorraum (Ge). Spazio vettoriale (It). ベクトル空間 (Ja). Espacio vectorial (Sp).

For each pair of points X and Y in point space one can draw a vector r from X to Y. The set of all vectors forms a vector space. The vector space has no origin but instead there is the zero vector which is obtained by connecting any point X with itself. The vector r has a length which is designed by |r| = r, where r is a non–negative real number. This number is also called the absolute value of the vector. The maximal number of linearly independent vectors in a vector space is called the dimension of the space.

An essential difference between the behaviour of vectors and points is provided by the changes in their coefficients and coordinates if a different origin in point space is chosen. The coordinates of the points change when moving from one origin to another one. However, the coefficients of the vector r do not change.

The point space is a dual of the vector space because to each vector in vector space a pair of points in point space can be associated.

Face normals, translation vectors, Patterson vectors and reciprocal lattice vectors are elements of vector space.