Wigner-Seitz cell

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Maille de Wigner-Seitz (Fr). Wigner-Seitz Zell (Ge). Celda de Wigner-Seitz (Sp).

Definition

W-S-1.gif

The Wigner-Seitz cell is a a polyhedron obtained by connecting a lattice point P to its closest neighbours and drawing the planes perpendicular to these connecting lines and passing through their midpoints (Figure 1). This construction is called the Dirichlet construction. The cell thus obtained is a primitive cell and it is possible to fill up the whole space by translation of that cell.


The Wigner-Seitz cell of a body-centred cubic lattice I is a cuboctahedron (Figure 2) and the Wigner-Seitz cell of a face-centred cubic lattice F is a rhomb-dodecahedron (Figure 3). In reciprocal space this cell is the first Brillouin zone. Since the reciprocal lattice of body-centred lattice is a face-centred lattice and reciprocally, the first Brillouin zone of a body-centred cubic lattice is a rhomb-dodecahedron and that of a face-centred cubic lattice is a cuboctahedron.

W-S-2.gifW-S-3.gif

The inside of the Wigner-Seitz cell has been called domain of influence by Delaunay (1933). It is also called Dirichlet domain or Voronoi domain. The domain of influence of lattice point P thus consists of all points Q in space that are closer to this lattice point than to any other lattice point or at most equidistant to it (such that OP ≤ |t - OP| for any vector tL).

See also

Section 9.1 of International Tables of Crystallography, Volume A Section 1.5 of International Tables of Crystallography, Volume B